Virginia Health Information


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Damage to skin and tissue due to some element of extreme temperature contact. Burns are classified as first, second or third degree burns. First degree burns are usually superficial and third degree burns have extensive damage to the point of skin or tissue death.
Invasive Cardiology
Diagnostic and invasive procedures that includes cardiac catheterizations, percutaneous procedures and angiograms of the heart.
Cardiology - Medical
The study of the heartís action; the medical specialty that deals with the diagnosis and therapy of heart diseases.
Open Heart Surgery
A surgical procedure that provides through an incision of the chest cavity a full view of the heart. Procedure may be used for, but is not limited to, cardiopulmonary bypass or heart valve surgery.
Medical and/or surgical treatment of the teeth and surrounding structures and oral tissues. The services may or may not include endodontics, oral pathology, maxofacial surgery, orthodontics, periodontics, etc.
The study of the skinís structure, function and diseases; includes diagnosis and treatment of skin and nail disorders.
The study and treatment of the ductless organs and structures (glands) that secrete internally and of hormones. Endocrinology typically includes the endocrine glands, the hypothalamus, pituitary and adrenal glands, thyroid and parathyroid glands, pancreatic islet cells, the testes and the ovaries.
Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Surgery
The combined surgical treatment that includes otology (ear), rhinology (nose) and laryngology (larynx/throat). Treatments, including surgery, may involve:
∑ Ears ó the exterior and interior portions of the otological system;
∑ Nose ó the olfactory system including exterior nasal passages and the anterior nasal cavity; and
∑ Throat ó the pharyngeal, naso-pharyngeal or laryngeal areas including tonsils, adenoids and trachea.
See Also Otolaryngology
Specialty involving the study and treatment of the function and disorders of the organs of digestion, the alimentary (or gastrointestinal) tract: the esophagus, the stomach, large intestines (colon and cecum) and small intestines (duodenum, jejunum, ileum), sigmoid colon, rectum, gallbladder, pancreas, liver, spleen, biliary tract and bile duct.
General Medicine
Treatment for those disorders that can fall under family practice or primary medical needs, which may include internal medicine or the diagnosis or treatment of internal organs, and that are not otherwise grouped into the specialty services listed in this report.
General Surgery
Those surgical procedures not otherwise grouped into the specialty services listed in this report.
Gynecological Surgery
Surgical treatment of the female reproductive system including ectopic pregnancy and early abortion. See Obstetrics.
The medical specialty focused on the health care of women and on the diseases of the female genital tract, as well as the endocrinology and reproductive function of the female. The breast may be treated except for surgery.
The scientific medical study of blood and blood-forming tissues, including therapeutics and anatomy, physiology, pathology and symptomatology of blood cells. This category may include the laboratory study of the response of blood cells to radiation or chemotherapy.
Infectious Diseases
The clinical study and treatment of those diseases that can be caused by an infection; i.e., any communicable disease. These diseases can be transmitted from human to human, from animal to human, by direct or indirect contact; e.g., fevers of unknown origin, sexually transmitted diseases (including HIV infection), herpes, central nervous system (CNS) infections, measles, rubella, mumps, hepatitis, rabies, and rickettsial infections (such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever). Bacterial infections such as streptococcal and chlamydial infections also fall under this classification, as well as those of spirochetal, protozoal, helminthic and mycotic causes.
A branch of medicine, often a part of pediatric medicine, that is practiced for the period of time covering the first 28 days after birth and in which the neonate requires additional treatment or care beyond a normal birth, such as intensive care for a premature infant.
The medical science primarily concerned with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the kidneys (the renal or nephric system) including treatment by dialysis and transplantation. Note: Not to be confused with urology, which deals primarily with the diseases and treatment of the genitourinary tract.
Neurological Surgery
Any of various kinds of surgery of the nervous system. Often included are those procedures designed to restore physiological activity of nerves (functional neurosurgery), psychosurgery and stereotactic surgery.
The field of medicine dealing with the normal or diseased nervous systems (central, peripheral and autonomic, plus the neuromuscular junction and muscle). May include clinical neurology that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of nervous system disorders.
Normal Newborns
A branch of medicine, often a part of pediatric medicine, that is practiced for the period of time covering the first 28 days after birth and in which the infant experienced a normal delivery.
The specialty of medicine concerned with the obstetrical care of a woman and the fetus during pregnancy, childbirth (delivery of the fetus vaginally or by cesarean section, a surgical procedure) and the puerperium (approximately 6 weeks following birth).
Science/branch of medicine concerned with the study of the physical, chemical and biologic properties and features of abnormal tissue (neoplasm), including the treatment of both malignant and benign tumors.
Oncology Surgery
Surgical procedures related to diagnostic or treatment of malignant and/or benign tumors.
Ophthalmologic Surgery
Surgical treatment of eye and lid disorders, such as cataract removal with lens implantation.
The study and treatment of the physiology, anatomy and pathology of the eye and surrounding tissues such as the eye lid. This includes ocular infections, refractive errors, glaucoma, cataracts and other ocular disorders.
Orthopedic Surgery
Preservation or restoration from disease or injury by surgical means of the function or condition of the musculoskeletal system, the spine and the extremities.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and correction of disorders of the locomotor system of the body, including the skeleton, muscles, joints and related tissues.
Other Obstetrics
Medical care provided by an obstetrician other than delivery; for example, nutrition counseling, immunizations, treatment for spontaneous abortion (miscarriage), prevention of preterm labor and anemia. See Obstetrics; Also see Gynecological Surgery
Branch of medicine concerned with medical and surgical treatment of head and neck, including the ears, nose and throat. See ENT.
Plastic Surgery
Surgical procedures related to cosmetic or reconstructive surgery of face and body.
The diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disorders by those medical specialists trained in the science of psychiatry.
Of or pertaining to lungs/respiratory system, to the pulmonary artery; to aperture leading from right ventricle into the pulmonary artery.
Following a disabling disease, injury or addiction, spontaneous or therapeutic restoration of normal function or in a nearly normal manner.
The science and medical study relating to diseases or disorders where inflammation or degeneration of tissue occur in the musculoskeletal system.
Transplant Surgery
The procedures that involve the movement of tissue or organs from one part of the body, or from a separate body, for the purpose of treatment by implantation or grafting. Included in this grouping are bone marrow, heart, liver and lung transplants.
Trauma, Multiple Significant
Injury or injuries to the face, head and/or body. Trauma scored for severity and prevalence of injuries are categorized in the service line of Multiple Significant Trauma. Less severe or prevalent injuries may be categorized under a different, specific service line.
Urological Surgery
Treatment provided by surgical means of urinary and genitourinary tract disorders; for example, tumors of the prostate, bladder, kidney or testis.
The medical specialty that is concerned with the study, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in the female and both urinary and genitourinary tract in the male.
Vascular Surgery
Surgical procedures relating to the blood vessels.

Updated on: 11/20/2017