Long-term care is one of the hottest topics in today's media. Like most Americans--young and old--Virginians are wondering what they will do when the time comes. This guide is an excellent first step to the answers for today.
Long-term care is a broad-based term used to describe the many facilities and services that specialize in at-home and residential care. From independent living to assisted living to nursing home care, today's long-term care providers present various options to fulfill the care needs for seniors as well as for people of any age with chronic conditions and diseases and/or disabilities. Much of this guide focuses on today's senior population as it comprises most of the market for long-term care services. However, the guide's purpose is to help everyone currently or potentially associated with long-term care options--the ill or disabled and the caregivers in their family and circle of friends to:
Long-term care services and facilities comprise a growing segment of the health care industry that includes a network of professionals and facilities offering home care and personal services, a wide array of community services and many levels of residential assisted living and health care.
To help us understand the differences in home care services and the various forms of residential care, the guide is presented in three major sections beginning with a discussion about choosing a long-term care path. Then we take a close look at home care options and finally we learn about the options that provide us with a home and built-in services residential long-term care services.
The five types of licensed care services and facilities covered are:
Homes that accept non-ambulatory residents are required to meet special building code requirements. Depending on a facility's compliance levels under the Uniform Statewide Building Code, assisted living facility residents may be:
When a resident is admitted from an institution for people with developmental disabilities or mental illnesses, an agreement between the assisted living facility and the local community services board, a state mental health clinic or a private facility or physician for the provision of appropriate services is required.
In a small assisted living facility, staff members may do double duty, filling several roles depending on need; in large complexes, staffing may be quite extensive. Regardless of size, five critical areas must be adequately staffed to meet state requirements:
We encourage you to review the Rights and Responsibilities document for assisted living facilities. It is part of the Code of Virginia. Facilities must make a copy available in an easily accessible place for review. The facility must also make its policies and procedures for implementing the Rights and Responsibilities available and accessible to the general public as well as residents, relatives and agencies. Read about your rights and responsibilities in this guide, then compare it to the assisted living facility's version.
Affordability, coupled with the congenial, settled residential character of the facilities have boosted the popularity of assisted living facilities. Assisted living facilities offer a less-restrictive environment for individuals who need some assistance but do not need the level of care offered by a nursing facility.
With their 100-year-old history, nursing homes, now called nursing facilities and skilled nursing facilities, are one of the most recognized long-term care providers.